Welcome to Cat Encyclopedia
As cat owners and people who care deeply for animals and
wildlife, we wanted our Cat Encyclopedia to be a website that could
empower pet owners to create the most positive, loving
environment for their cats. Cat Encyclopedia realizes that owning a
house cat is like adding a new member to your family.
Our Mission Statement
The Cat Encyclopedia was developed to provide
comprehensive information about domestic house cats in a concise and
simple to use format, complete with photographs of each breed of domestic
house cat. Our goal is to provide domestic house cat owners and pet enthusiasts
empowering information to create a healthy and loving environment for
domestic house cats.
Welcome to Cat Encyclopedia-
Your one stop website for all information on domestic house cats.
The Cat Fanciers' Association recognizes 41 breeds of domestic
house cats, of which 16 are "natural breeds" that probably emerged
before humans began breeding pedigree cats, while the others were
developed over the latter half of the 20th century.
Pedigree varieties of domestic house cats are divided
roughly into 3 groups: longhairs or Persians, shorthairs, and Siamese.
The longhairs have round, broad heads, with small ears, thickset bodies,
short, thick legs, and short, full tails. Among the longhairs, the
Chinchillas, with white coats tipped with black, and the Smoke, with
white undercoat and black top coat, are especially striking. The Siamese
have wedge shaped heads, long, svelte bodies, tall legs, and long,
tapering tails. The Manx differs from other cats in having no tail at
As early as 3500 B.C.,
Egyptians were domesticating wildcats from Africa, and these
domesticated wildcats became treasured pets and were honored in many
forms of artwork for their skill in hunting and killing rodents such as
snakes, rats and mice. The cat's first name in Egypt was
or Mau. Early Egyptians believed that the glow from a cat's eyes
held captive the light of the sun. Cats
were actually considered sacred by the Egyptians, and if a person killed
a cat, they were usually put to death. Egyptians shaved their eyebrows
as a symbol of their grief when their pet cat died, and they made their
dead cats into mummies.
The domestic house cat may have up to 3 litters a year, the period of
gestation being about 65 days. An average cat litter is of four or five
kittens. Kittens are born blind, and the eyes open after about 10 days.
All eyes are blue at first, but the coloring develops over the first
weeks according to the variety. Some domestic house cats such as the
Siamese and Burmese, keep their blue eyes.